*The entirety of this work is protected by copyright (see Copyright information section).

***For more recent developments, please visit the Recent Developments page.

April 4, 2021

Update:  In regard to events outlined in the Rebuttal, Chapter 2 page and after several exchanges on Geni, here is a screenshot of how the matter was ultimately concluded:

March 31, 2021

The Rebuttal Chapter 2 page is now live and available for viewing under the Rebuttal Chapter 2 tab.

September 5, 2020

The Rebuttal page is now live and available for viewing under the Rebuttal tab.

August 9, 2020

Coming soon!  Rebuttal page to answer typed-out DNA results for the Charity test subject posted on the other blog.

July 26, 2020

The owner of the blog has reinstated my two comments that had been removed.   The “Third Response” remains “unpublished.”

July 26, 2020

The owner of the blog e-mailed screenshots of the Charity test subject’s FTDNA mitochondrial test results to the Charity test subject and an administrator of the Adkins Family History Group.  The administrator of the Adkins Family History Group posted the test results to the page.  The MITOCHONDRIAL test results DO CONTAIN NATIVE AMERICAN MATCHES.

July 7, 2020

***UPDATE*** It has been determined the mitochondrial DNA of NEITHER the Charity (Audalene Starr) AND the Keziah (Jeane Chaffin) test subjects are the result of a heteroplasmic event, BUT that their mitochondrial DNA is NATIVE AMERICAN in originAudalene Starr (and, therefore, by proxy, the mitochondrial DNA of the Keziah test subject) is a participant in Phase 3 of the same Native American mitochondrial DNA specialty study in which I am a participant conducted by the authors of “Cherokee DNA Studies:  Real People Who Proved the Geneticists Wrong.”

A link to Goodreads for the book:


June 21, 2020

Recently, I was re-examining the Thomas Dean Journal which details his voyage along the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers in his journey to secure land in the West for the Brothertown Indians.  These rivers passed through  Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky  There was an eight-day period in which there were no entries.  There were statements made by Mr. Dean that the map(s) he was using may have been inaccurate.  There are also references made to his being lost during periods of time.  In completing my re-examination, a question occurred to me regarding our ancestors’ settlements along Raccoon Creek. There is a geographical coincidence which arises. There are many other outside references to the Shawnee presence in the area of Raccoon Creek which was at that time part of what later became West Virginia.  From my initial reading of the material, it seemed to me that Peter Cornstalk might well have been there because the Shawnee Tribe had a historical presence there; however, I now understand, that at the time, there was also a Raccoon Creek in what was then the new state of Indiana.  So, the question arises, where exactly was he?  Upon re-reading the sections regarding Peter Cornstalk and the different parts of the journey and area maps, I think the better and more accurate analysis of the material indicates that he was in the Indiana Raccoon Creek area and not the one which was located in what later became West Virginia.


Audalene Starr’s Gedmatch number noted as once again available for match comparisons.