*The entirety of this work is protected by copyright (see Copyright information section).
*PLEASE NOTE:  Several years have passed since I first encountered “the other blog” and a few more have passed since 2020 when I published this blog in response.  No updates, changes or additions have been made since that time — including not adding additional documents (except where explicitly noted).  In 2021, I contemplated updating all pages; however, I made the decision at that time to keep the original format and order for posterity purposes.  Since 2020 I have conducted thousands of hours of further research and numerous DNA studies.  That research and those studies are ongoing.  That compilation of information will be published in my upcoming book Whitewashed and another book which is on the horizon.  Occasional recent developments and announcements can be found listed in chronological order on the “Recent Developments” page. 
The oral traditions which formed the backbone of my writing have been confirmed and proven correct with the assistance of family members who belong to the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, the Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma and the Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma by vetting family trees and through DNA (genetic genealogy). 
*The only individuals whose family lines have been vetted in this manner are those who participated in my personal studies.  I can express no opinion on the accuracy of family connection claims made by people who did not participate in the studies which I personally conducted.

Following is a list of some of the many books, treatises, papers and maps that I have read and studied, that relate to the subject matter that formed the basis both for my “Third Response” originally submitted to the other blog in April 2018, which the owner chose not to “publish,” and for this completely revamped paper and blog “The Case for Bluesky and Parker Adkins.”  More entries coming soon.  I have hundreds of new books, papers and treatises to be added to this list:

Relating to the oral tradition of Native Americans. There are several other books documenting oral traditions of other cultures and their validity:

“Cherokee DNA Studies, Real People Who Proved the Geneticists Wrong,” by Donald N. Yates and Teresa A. Yates

“Inconstant Companions: Archaeology and North American Indian Oral Traditions” by Ronald J. Mason

“Native American Oral Tradition: Voices of the Spirit and Soul” by Lois J. Einhorn.

“Reading the Wampum, Essays on Hodinosoni Visual Code and Epistemological Recovery” by Penelope Myrtle Kelsey

“Wampum, a Paper Presented to the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia” by Ashbel Woodward, M.D.


“A Bi-Hemispheric and Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Human Origins,” by German Dziebel, Anthropogenesis, 25 January 2017

“A Decade of Ancient DNA Analysis has Taught Scientists ‘What it is to be Human,'” by SciTechDaily, St. John’s College at Cambridge University

“A Genome Sequence from a Modern Human Skull Over 45,000 Years Old from Zlatý kůň in Czechia,” by Prüfer, K., Posth, C., Yu, H. et al., Nat Ecol Evol (2021)

“A Tale of Two Migrations: Reconciling Recent Biological and Archaeological Evidence for the Pleistocene Peopling of the Americas,” by Bonnie L. Pitblado, J Archaeol Res (2011) 19:327-375DOI 10.1007/s10814-011-9049-y 

“American Indian Demographic History and Cultural Affiliation: A Discussion of Certain Limitations on the Use of mtDNA and Y Chromosome Testing,” by Peter N. Jones, The Bauu Institute, P.O. Box 4445 Boulder, Colorado 80306,, Published September 2002: AntrhoGlobe Journal (Just enter the title of this paper and it can be found online.)

“America’s Natives Have European Roots: The Oldest Known Genome of a Modern Human Solves Long-Standing Puzzles About the New World’s Genetic Heritage,” by Ed Young, Nature, November 2013

“AmtDB: a database of ancient human mitochondrial genomes,” by Edvard Ehler, et al. ,  Nucleic Acids Research, 2018

*”Ancient Mitogenomes of Phoenicians from Sardinia and Lebanon: A Story of Settlement, Integration and Female Mobility,” by E.Matisoo-Smith, et al., PLoSONE13(1), 

“Ancient Solomon Islands mtDNA, Assessing Holocene Settlement and the Impact of European Contact,” by Francios-Xavier Ricaut, et al., Journal of Archaeological Science, 2010

“Anomalous Mitochondrial DNA Lineages in the Cherokee,” by Donald N. Yates (Published on Academia)

“Can Paternal Leakage Maintain Sexually Antagonistic Polymorphism in the Cytoplasm?” by Bram Kuijper, University of Exeter in Cornwall, Department Member, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2015

“Cherokee DNA Studies, Real People Who Proved the Geneticists Wrong,” by Donald N. Yates and Teresa A. Yates

“Complete Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Eastern Eurasian Haplogroups Rarely Found in Populations of
Northern Asia and Eastern Europe,” by Miroslava Derenko, et. al., PLoS One, February 2012, Vol. 7, Issue 2

“Detecting Heteroplasmy from High-Throughput Sequencing of Complete Human Mitochondrial DNA Genomes,” Roland Schroeder, The American Journal of Human Genetics, 2010

“Detection of Unrecognized Low-Level mtDNA Heteroplasmy May Explain the Variable Phenotypic Expressivity of Apparently Homoplasmic mtDNA Mutations,” by Rafael de Cid and Carles Arribas, Human Mutation, 2008

“Detection of Unrecognized Low-Level mtDNA Heteroplasmy May Explain the Variable Phenotypic Expressivity of Apparently Homoplasmic mtDNA Mutations, ” Ester Ballana, et al., HumanMutation 29(2), 248^257, 2008

“Distribution of mtDNA Haplogroup X Among Native North Americans,” by Ripan Malhi, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1999

“Disuniting Uniformity: A Pied Cladistic Canvas of mtDNA Haplogroup H in Eurasia,” Eva-Liis Loogvali, et al., Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution, Vol. 21, No. 11, July 14, 2004

“Early Human Dispersals Within the Americas,” by J. Victor Moreno-Mayar, et al., Science, 10.1126/science.aav2621 (2018)

“Epigenetics and the Autosomal DNA of Human Populations,” by Anne Marie Fine and Donald N. Yates, International Journal of Community Diversity, Vol. 13, 2014

“Exhaustive Scanning Approach to Screen All the Mitochondrial tRNA Genes for Mutations and Its Application to the Investigation of 35 Independent Patients with Mitochondrial Disorders,” by Anne Lombes and Michael Goossens, Human Molecular Genetics, 1998

“Forensics and Mitochondrial DNA: Applications, Debates, and Foundations,” by Bruce Budowle (Lab. Div. FBI, Washington, D.C.), Marc W. Allard (Biology Dept. of Biological Science, George Washington University), Mark R. Wilson (Lab. Div. FBI Academy, Quantico, VA) and Ranajit Chakraborty (Center for Genome Information, Dept. of Environmental Health, University of Cincinatti, OH), Annu. Rev. Genomics, Hum. Genet., 2003

“Genetic Analysis of a Scytho-Siberian Skeleton and Its Implications for Ancient Central Asian Migrations,” Francois-X. Ricaut, et al., Human Biology, February 2004, v. 76, No. 1, pp. 109-125

“Genome Analysis Reveals Unknown Ancient Human Migration in Europe,” by Sarah Hussein,, News 2021-04

“Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia,” by Qiaomei Fu, Heng Li, et al., Nature, Volume 514, 23 October 2014

“Haplogroup Effects and Recombination of Mitochondrial DNA: Novel Clues from the An, alysis of Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Pedigrees,” by Vincenzo Leuzzi, The American Journal of Human Genetics, 2006

“High Aggregate Burden of Somatic mtDNA Point Mutations in Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease Brain,” David Simon, University College of London Department Member, Human Molecular Genetics, 2002

“Identication of Polynesian mtDNA haplogroupsin remains of Botocudo Amerindians from Brazil,” by Vanessa Faria Gonçalves, et al.; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1 April 2013

“Inheritance of Mitochondrial DNA Recombinants in Double-Heteroplasmic Families: Potential Implications for Phylogenetic Analysis,” by Konstantin Khrapko, Wofram Kunz, The American Journal of Human Genetics, 2007

“Minoan archaeogenetic data mining reveals Danube Basin and western Black Sea littoral origin,” by Peter Revesz, International Journal of Biology and Biomedical Engineering, 2019

“Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Hokkaido Jomon Skeletons: Remnants of Archaic Maternal Lineages at the Southwestern Edge of Former Beringia,” Noboru Adach (Department of Legal Medicine, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering,University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan), et al., American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146:346–360 (2011) 

“Mitochondrial DNA Mutations and Mitochondrial Abnormalities in Dilated Cardiomyopathy,” by Carlo Campana, The American Journal of Pathology, 1998

“Mitochondrial Haplogroup M Discovered in Prehistoric North Americans,” Ripan S. Malhi, Brian M. Kemp, et al., Journal of Archaeological Science, 2006

“Mitochondrial Steve: Paternal Inheritance of Mitochondria in Humans,” Lindell Bromham, Adam Eyre-Walker, Noel H. Smith and John Smith, Centre for the Study of Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2003

“Mitochondrial Variants in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder,” by P. Adolfo Sequeira, University of California, Irvine, Faculty Member, Plos One, 2009

“mtDNA Variation in the Buryat Population of the Barguzin Valley: New Insights into the Micro-Evolutionary History of the Baikal Area,” by M. Gibert, et al.,  Annals of Human Biology, 2010

“myOrigins Methodology White Paper,” by Razib Khan and Rui H, Family Tree DNA, updated September 13, 2017.  Published on FTDNA

“Northwest Siberian Khanty and Mansi in the Junction of West and East Eurasian Gene Pools as Revealed by Uniparental Markers,” by Ville N. Pimenoff (Dept. of Medicine, Lab. of Forensic Biology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland), et al., European Journal of Human Genetics, 2008

“Novel Homoplasmic Mutation in the Mitochondrial RNATyr Gene Associated with Atypical Mitochondrial Cytopathy Presenting with Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis,” by Fernando Scaglia, Baylor College of Medicine Faculty Member, American Journal of Medical Genetics, 2003

“Novel Mitochondrial DNA Mutations Associated with Myopathy, Cardiomyopathy, Renal Failure, and Deafness,” by Annette Feigenbaum, University of Toronto, Adjunct, American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A, 2006

“Origin and Expansion of Haplogroup H, the Dominant Human Mitochondrial DNA Lineage in West Eurasia:  The Near Eastern and Caucasian Perspective,” by Roostalu, et al., published by Oxford University Press on Behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution

“Paleolithic to Bronze Age Siberians Reveal Connections with First Americans and across Eurasia,” by He Yu, et al., Cell, Volume 181, Issue 6, June 11, 2020

“Peopling of the Americas as Inferred from Ancient Genomics,” by Eske Willerslev and David J. Meltzer, Nature, 16 June 2021

“‘Polynesians’ in Brazilian Hinterland? Sociohistorical Perspectives on Skulls,
Genomics, Identity, and Nationhood,” by Richardo Ventura Santos and Bronwen Douglas, History of the Human Sciences, 2019

“Recombination or Mutation Rate Heterogeneity?  Implications for Mitochondrial Eve,” Erica Hagelberg, Biology Department, University of Oslo, Norway, Trends in Genetics, February 2003

“Searching for a Needle in the Haystack: Comparing Six Methods to Evaluate Heteroplasmy in Difficult Sequence Context,” by Roberta Zuntini, M. Lang, Post-Doc, National Institutes of Health, Biotechnology Advances, 2012

“Some of Europe’s Oldest-Known Modern Humans are Distantly Related to Native Ameircans,” by Brian Handwerk,, April 7, 2021

“South from Alaska: A Pilot aDNA Study of Genetic History on the Alaska Peninsula and the Eastern Aleutians,” by
Jennifer Raff, Justin Tackney, Dennis H. O’Rourke; Human Biology, Volume 82, Numbers 5-6, October-December 2010, pp. 677-693

“The Case for the Continuing Use of the Revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS) and the Standardization of Notation in Human Mitochondrial DNA Studies,” by Hans-Jurgen Bandelt, Anita Kloss-Brandstatter, Martin B. Richards, Yong-Gang Yao and Ian Logan, Journal of Human Genetics, 2014

“The Genetic History of Ice-Age Europe,” Qiaomei Fu, et al., “Nature,” 2016

“The Incomplete Natural History of Mitochondria,” Ballard JW, Whitlock MC., Mol Ecol. 2004 Apr;13(4):729-44. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA

“The Role of Mitochondria in Oocyte and Early Embryo Health,” Yaakov Bentov, Faculty Member, McMaster University; Shlomit Kenigsberg, Department Member, Create Fertility Centre, OBM Genetics, 2019

“The Western and Eastern Roots of the Saami—The Story of Genetic “Outliers” Told by Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes,” by Kristina Tambets (Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia), Am. J. Hum. Genet., 2004

“Two Ancient Human Genomes Reveal Polynesian Ancestry Among the Indigenous Botocudos of Brazil”- Supplemental, by Eske Willerslev, Current Biology, Vol. 24, No. 21, R2

“Understanding Differences Between Phylogenetic and Pedigree-Derived mtDNA Mutation Rate: A Model Using Families from the Azores Islands (Portugal),” Cristina Santos, et al., Molecular Biology and Evolution, Volume 22, Issue 6, June 2005

“Upper Palaeolithic Siberian Genome Reveals Dual Ancestry of Native Americans,” by Maanasa Raghavan, Pontus Skoglund, Eske Willerslev, et al., Nature, November 2013

“What Cost Mitochondria?  The Maintenance of Functional Mitochondrial DNA Within and Across Generations,” Johannes Spelbrink, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B. Biological Sciences, 2014

“Whole Mitochondrial Genome Screening in Maternally Inherited Non-Syndromic Hearing Impairment Using a Microarray Resequencing Mitochondrial DNA Chip,” by Christine de Petit, Faculty Member, College de France; Helene Dollfus, European Journal of Human Genetics, 2007

Some of the books I own, some of the articles and treatises reviewed relating to historical subject matter:

“A Cold Welcome: The Little Ice Age and Europe’s Encounter with North America,” by Sam White

“A Century of Wayne County, Kentucky, 1800-1900, by Augusta Phillips Johnson, 1939

“A Journal of Two Visits Made to Some Nations of Indians on the West Side of the River Ohio in the Years 1772 and 1773, by the Reverend David Jones, Minister of the Gospel at Freehold, in New Jersey, 1774

“A Man of Distinction Among Them, Alexander McKee and British-Indian Affairs Along the Ohio Country Frontier, 1754-1799,” by Larry L. Nelson

“A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies,” by Bartolome de las Casas, 1560

“A Tale of Two Migrations: Reconciling Recent Biological and Archaeological Evidence for the Pleistocene Peopling of the Americas,” by Bonnie Pitblado, Journal of Archaeological Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, March 2007

“A True History of the Massacre of Ninety-Six Christian Indians at Gnadenhuetten, Ohio, March 8, 1782,” published by the Gnadenhuettten Monument Society, 1847.

“Across Atlantic Ice,” the Origin of America’s Clovis Culture,” by Michael B. Collins

“Adair’s History of the American Indians, Edited Under the Auspices of the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, In Tennessee,” by Samuel Cole Williams, L.L.D., 1930

“Adkins Land of York, Surrey County, England to Beech Fork Wayne County, West Virginia,” by Ronnie Adkins (I haven’t completed reading the entire book yet, but I’m happy to say that I have a digital download and was able to obtain my very own hard copy off of eBay in November 2019 (Yay!)

“Africans and Native Americans, the Language of Race and Evolution of Red-Black Peoples,” by Jack D. Forbes

“All of the Real Indians Died Off, and 20 Other Myths About Native Americans” by Roxanne Dunbar-Britz.

“America Discovered by the Welsh in 1170 A.D.” by Benjamin Franklin Bowen

“Ancient History, or Annals of Kentucky; With a Survey of the Ancient Monuments of North America, and a Tabular View of the Principal Languages and Primitive Nations of the Whole Earth,” by C.S. Rafinesque, 1824

“Ancient Ocean Crossings, Reconsidering the Case for Contacts with Pre-Columbian Americas,” by Steven C. Jett

An Historical Account of the Expedition Against the Ohio Indians in the Year 1764 Under the Command of Henry Bouquet,” by William Smith, published 1766

“Annals of Henrico Parish, Diocese of Virginia, Part 2, the Vestry Book, Henrico Parish, Virginia,” by Dr. R.A. Brock

“Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800, Botetourt, Fincastle, Montgomery, Washington, Wythe,” by Lewis Preston Summers, 1929

“Atlas of Virginia County Boundary Changes, 1634-1895,” by Michael Doran, 9th Printing, 2003

“Before Folsom: The 12-Mile Creek Site and the Debate Over the Peopling of the Americas,” by Matthew E. Hill, Jr., published in “Plains Anthropologist,” Vol. 51, No. 198, x-xx, 2006

“Blackcoats Among the Delaware, David Zeisberger on the Ohio Frontier,” by Earl P. Olmstead

“Blood on the Ohio, Frontier Tales of Terror” by Fritz Zimmerman

“Border Fights and Fighters” by Cyrus Townsend Brady, LL.D.

“Border Settlers of Northern Virginia,” by Lucullus Virgil McWhorter on behalf of Judge J.C. McWhorter, published 1915

“Border Wars of the West, Comprising the Frontier Wars of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee and Wisconsin, and Embracing Individual Adventures Among the Indians, and Exploits of Boone, Kenton…and other Border Heroes of the West,” by John Frost, L.L.D.

“Brave His Soul, the Story of Prince Madog of Wales and His Discovery of America in 1170,” by Ellen Pugh, 1970

“Cabell County [West Virginia] Annals and Families” by George Selden Wallace, 1935

Censuses, tithables and land grants from 1624 through present

“Cherokee By Blood: Records of Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U.S. Court of Claims,” (which includes applications and depositions) Volumes 1 through 9

“Cherokee DNA Studies, Real People Who Proved the Geneticists Wrong,” by Donald N. Yates and Teresa A. Yates

“Cherokee Voices, Early Accounts of Cherokee Life in the East,” Vicki Rozema

“Cherokee Women: Gender and Culture Change, 1700-1835 (Indians of the Southeast), Theda Perdue

“Chickahominy Indians, Eastern Division, a Brief Ethnohistory,” by Elaine and Ray Adkins

“Chief Bowles and the Texas Cherokees,” Mary Wealtey Clarke

“Christopher Gist’s Journals with Historical, Geographical and Ethnological Notes and Biographies of His Contemporaries,” by William M. Darlington

“Chronicles of Border Warfare, a History of the Settlement by the Whites, of Northwestern Virginia; and of the Indian Wars and Massacres, in that Section of the State; with Reflections, Anecdotes, &c,” by Alexander S. Withers, 1831

“Chronicles of Border Warfare or, a History of the Settlement by the Whites, of North-Western Virginia, and of the Indian Wars and Massacres in that Section of the State with Reflections, Anecdoes, &c.” by Alexander Scott Withers (edited and Annotated by Reuben Gold Thwaites, with the addition of a memoir of Lyman Copeland Draper), 1895

“Climate Change, Cultural Adaptations, and Lower Coastal Plain Occupations of
Georgia and Florida from the Early to Middle Holocene: Extrapolating
Spatial Trends into the Offshore,” by Jessica Ervin Cooke Hail and Ervan G. Garrison, “Journal of Anthropological Archaeology”

“Collins’ Historical Sketches of Kentucky, History of Kentucky: Prehistoric Annals for 331 Years, Outline, and by Countries, Statistics, Antiquities, and Natural Curiosities, Geographical and Geological Descriptions, Sketches of the Court of Appeals, the Churches, Freemasonry, Odd Fellowship, and Internal Improvements, Incidents of Pioneer Life, and Nearly Five Hundred Biographical Sketches of Distinguished Pioneers, Soldiers, Statesmen, Jurists, Lawyers, Surgeons, Divines, Merchants, Historians, Editors, Artists, Etc., Etc.,” Volumes 1 and 2, by Lewis Collins, Judge of the Mason County Court, 1882

“Conquest by Law, How the Discovery of America Dispossessed Indigenous Peoples of Their Lands,” by Lindsay G. Robertson

Cranial Morphological Diversity of Early, Middle,and Late Holocene Brazilian Groups: Implications for Human Dispersion in Brazil,” by Mark Hubbe, Mercedes Okumura, Danilo V. Bernardo, and Walter A. Neves, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 155:546–558 (2014)

“David Zeisberger’s History of Northern American Indians” edited by Archer Butler Hulbert and William Nathaniel Schwarze

“Dressing in Feathers, The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture,” Edited by S. Elizabeth Bird

“Early Morgan County, a Historical Novel,” by Arthur C. Johnson

“Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666,” by George Cabell Greer, Clerk, Virginia State Land Office, 1912

“East Greenland Ice Core Dust Record Reveals Timing of Greenland Ice Sheet Advance and Retreat,” by Marius Folden Simonsen, et al., Nature Communications 2019

“Envisioning Water Transport Technology in Late-Pleistocene America,” by Margaret A. Jodry, Smithsonian Institution Department Member, 2005; Paleoamerican Origins Beyond Clovis edited by Robson Bonnichsen, Bradley T. Lepper, Dennis Stanford, and Michael Waters, Center for the Study of the First Americans, Texas A&M University

“Female Hunters of the Early Americas,” anthropology research article by Randall Haas, et al.,  Science Advances, Nov 4 2020, Vol. 6, No. 45

“First Peoples in a New World, Colonizing Ice-Age America,” by David J. Meltzer

“Fitzpatrick’s Rafinesque: A Sketch of His Life with Bibliography,” Revised and Enlarged by Charles Boewe

“Genealogy of the Vanderpool Family, with Items of Personal, Political and Social Interest,” by George B. Vanderpool, Parts 1 and 2, 1912

“Genome Sequence of a 45-Thousand-Year-Old Modern Human from Western Siberia,” by Qiaomei Fu, et al. Nature, Vol. 514, 23 October 2014

“Glacial/Interglacial Changes in Mineral Dust and Sea Salt Records in Polar Ice Cores: Sources, Transport, Deposition, by Hubertus Fischer, et al., Reviews of Geophysics, Volume 45, Issue 1, CiteID RG1002, March 2007

“Great Spirits of All Who Lived Before”: Exploring the Original Peopling of the Americas Through the Examination of Paleoindian Skeletal Remains, by Hanna E. Matulek, graduate thesis, graduate student at Mercyhurst University in Erie, Pennsylvania;  Dr. P. Nick Kardulius as advisor, (2017) 

“Henrico Parish, Diocese of Virginia, and Especially of St. John’s Church, the Present Mother Church of the Parish, from 1611 to 1884,” by Lewis W. Burton, Rector of St. John’s Church, Part 1

“Historical Collections of Ohio, Containing a Collection of the Most Interesting Facts, Traditions, Biographical Sketches, Anecdotes, Etc., Relating to Its General and Local History, with Descriptions of its Countries Principal Towns and Villages…” by Henry Howe L.L.D, 3 Volumes, 1,318 pages

“History, Manners and Customs of the Indian Nations Who Once Inhabited Pennsylvania and the Neighboring States” Rev. John Heckewelder, published 1881

“History of Kentucky” by Lewis Collins, published 1847

“History of the Early Settlement and Indian Wars of West Virginia, Embracing an Account of the Various Expeditions in the West, Previous to 1795; also, Biological Sketches” by Wills De Hass, published 1851

“History of the Graham Family,” Clayton, West Virginia, by David Graham, 1899

“History of the Shawnee Indians from the Year 1681 to 1854, Inclusive” by Henry Harvey, published 1855

“History of Transportation in the Ohio Valley,” by Charles H. Ambler, Professor of History, West Virginia University, 1931

“Howells Stories of Ohio,” by William Dean Howells, published 1897

“Implosion, the Secret History of the Lumbee Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina,” by Morris F. Britt, published 2017

“Indian Wars of Pennsylvania, an Account of the Indian Events, in Pennsylvania, of the French and Indian War, Pontiac’s War, Lord Dunmore’s War, The Revolutionary War, and the Indian Uprising from 1789 to 1795; Tragedies of the Pennsylvania Frontier” (based primarily on the Pennsylvania Archives and Colonial Records), Second Edition (including supplement to the First Edition and handwritten corrections by the author), by C. Hale Sipe; Introduction by George P. Donehoo, 1931, 908 pages

“Indian Wars of the United States,” by William V. Moore, published 1843

“John D. Clifford’s Indian Antiquities, Related Material by C.S. Rafinesque,” Edited with an Introduction by Charles Boewe, University of Tennessee Press

“Indians in Pennsylvania,” by Paul A.W. Wallace, Published by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

“Kegley’s Virginia Frontier, the Beginning of the Southwest, the Roanoke of Colonial Days 1740-1783, with Maps and Illustrations,” by F. B. Kegley, 1935

“Legends of the Delaware Indians and Picture Writing,” Richard Calmit

“List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia, Special Report of the Department of Archives and History for 1912”

“Living Stories of the Cherokee” collected and edited by Barbara R. Duncan, published 1998

“Lost World, Re-writing Prehistory — How New Science is Tracing America’s Ice-Age Mariners,” by Tom Koppel

“Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age,” by Charles H. Hapgood, 1956

“Marriages of Goochland County, Virginia 1733-1815,” compiled by Kathleen Booth Williams

“Melungeons, Examining an Appalachian Legend,” by Pat Spurlock

“Misidentified Clovis-age Fish Bone at Shawnee-Minisink and the Problem with Single Case Studies in Late Pleistocene Archaeology,” by Joseph A. M. Gingerich, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2019

“My Life Among the Indians,” by George Catlin, originally published 1909

“Myths of the Cherokee,” by James Mooney

“Narrative Journal of Travels Through the Northwestern Regions of the United States” by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft

“Old Chillicothe, Shawnee and Pioneer History, Conflicts and Romances in the Northwest Territory” by William Albert Galloway, A.M., M.D., L.L.D., 1934

“Oldest DNA from a Homosapiens Reveals Surprisingly Recent Neanderthal Ancestry: Ancient Human Lineages Interbred Commonly in Europe, as Well as the Middle East,” by Ewen Callaway, Nature, 07 April 2021

“Old Frontiers, the Story of the Cherokee Indians from Earliest Times to the Date of their Removal to the West, 1838,” by John P. Brown, 1938, 570 pages

“Old Man Owen Adkins of Turkeycock Mountain, His Life & Times,” Introduction and Transcription by Chris W. Hanes; article first published February 27, 1878, Adkintown, Pittsylvania County, VA

“Old Souls in a New World,” by Donald N. Yates

“Old Tales Retold or, Perils and Adventures of Tennessee Pioneers,” by Octavia Zollicoffer Bond, 1907

“Paleoamerican Ethnic Diversity,” by Billy Roper

“Peoples of the River Valleys, the Odyssey of the Delaware Indians,” by Amy C. Schutt

“Pittsylvania Eighteenth Century Grist Mills,” by Herman Melton, 1989

“Pittsylvania: Homes and People of the Past,” printed by H.E. Howard, Inc., 1987

“Polynesians’ in Brazilian Hinterland? Sociohistorical Perspectives on Skulls, Genomics, Identity, and Nationhood,” by Ricardo Ventura Santos and Brownwen Douglas; from the authors’ accepted manuscript to be published in “The History of the Human Sciences” (uploaded to Academia)

“Powhatan’s World and Colonial Virginia, a Conflict of Cultures,” by Frederic W. Gleach

“Pre-Clovis to the Early Archaic: Human Presence,Expansion, and Settlement in Florida over Four Millennia,” by Michael K. Faught, Charlotte and Donald Pevny, PaleoAmerica;  published in “A Journal of Early Human Migration and Dispersal,”  13 May 2019

“Pre-Fishtail Settlement in the Southern Cone ca. 15,000 – 13,100 yr. cal. BP; Synthesis, Evaluation and Discussion of the Evidence,” by Rafael Suarez, (Departamento de Arqueología, Universidad de la República and Sistema Nacional deInvestigadores SNI- Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación ANII.Magallanes 1577- Montevideo, Uruguay), presented at the International Science Conference, “Pre-Clovis in the Americas”, held at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

“Proving Service at the Battle of Point Pleasant for Sons of the American Revolution” by John D. Sinks, Genealogist General, National Society, Sons of the American Revolution, 28 July 2015

Quaker Meeting Records at Haverford College, Quaker and Special Collections and Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College:

“Quaker Records of Henrico Monthly Meeting and Other Church Records of Henrico County, New Kent and Charles City Counties, Virginia,” by F. Edward Wright

“Rear Guard of the Revolution,” by James R. Gilmore, 1891

“Red Men of the Ohio Valley,” by J.R. Dodge

“Revisiting Shawnee-Miniskink,” by Joseph A. M. Gingerich, Chapter 9, In the Eastern Fluted Point Tradition, 2013

“Sam Houston with the Cherokees 1829-1833,” by Jac Gregory and Rennard Strickland, 1967

“Southeastern Indians, Life Portraits, a Catalogue of Pictures 1564-1860,” edited by Emma Lila Fundaburk, 1958

“Stereotyping Native Americans,” by Arlene Hirschfelder and Paulette F. Molin, February 28, 2018, Ferris State University Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia

“Stories of Ohio,” by William Dean Howells, 1897

“Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene 14C Dates from Archaeological Sites in Chile: Critical Chronological Issues for the Initial Peopling of the Region,” Cesar Mendez, Centro de Investigacion en Ecosistemas de la Patagonia CIEP-UACh Chile, Quaternary International, 2012

“Texas Cherokees, 1820-1839, a Document for Litigation, 1921,” by George W. Fields, Lawyer, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Compiled and Transcribed by Jeff Bowen

“The American Indian in North Carolina,” by Douglas L. Rights, 1957

“The Ancient Monuments of North and South America,” by C.S. Rafinesque, A.M., Ph.D., 1838

“The Buffalo Ridge Cherokee, A Remnant of a Great Nation Divided,” by Horace R. Rice, Ed.

“The Cherokee Origin Narrative, Authentic Text of William Eubanks’ Redman’s Origin with Notes and Illustrations, by Donald N. Yates

The Dameron/Damron Family Newsletters

“The Dameron-Damron Genealogy,” Compiled by Helen Foster Snow

“The Discovery of New Brittaine,” Edward Bland, 1651 (my 10th great granduncle!)

“The Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, Resilience Through Adversity,” Edited by Stephen Warren

“The First Explorations of the Trans-Allegheny Region by the Virginians, 1650-1674,” by Clarence Walworth Alvord and Lee Bidgood, 1912

The Geographic Origin of Clovis Technology: Insights from Clovis Biface Caches,” by  Alan R. Schroedl, published in “Plains Anthropologist,” 11 Mar 2021

“The Historical Atlas of Native Americans,” by Dr. Ian Barnes, 2015 edition

“The History of West Virginia: In Two Parts,” by Virgil Anson Lewis, 1889

“The Human Colonization of the Southeast Plains of South America: Climatic Conditions, Technological Innovations and the Peopling of Uruguay and South of Brazil,” by Rafael Suarez Sainz, Departamento de Arqueología, Universidad de la República, Avenida Uruguay 1695, Montevideo 11200, Uruguay, Quaternary International, Elsevier (2017)

“The Indian Chiefs of Pennsylvania, or a Story of the Part Played by the American Indian in the History of Pennsylvania, Based Primarily on the Pennsylvania Archives and Colonial Records, and Built Around the Outstanding Chiefs,” by C. Hale Sipe (of the Pittsburgh and Butler Bars; Member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Author of “The Indian Chiefs of Pennsylvania,” and “Mount Vernon and the Washington Family” 1929, 793 pages,

“The Hornbook of Virginia History,” Edited by Emily J. Salmon and Edward D.C. Campbell, Jr., Fourth Edition

“The Indian World of George Washington,” by Collin O. Calloway

“The John Tipton Papers,” Volumes 1, 2 and 3, (2,777 pages total)

“The McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians,” by James D. Horan, 1986 edition; originally published 1972

“The Moravian Missions in Ohio,” by Francis Christian Huebner, 1898

“The Natufian Culture and the Origin of the Neolithic in the Levant,” O. Bar-Yosef and F. Valla, 1990, Harvard University, Current Anthropology, 31 [4] [January]: 433 

“The Natural and Aboriginal History of Tennessee, Up to the First Settlements Therein by the White People in the Year 1768,” by John Haywood

“The Old Free State, a Contribution to the History of Lunenburg County and Southside Virginia,” Volumes I and II, by Landon C. Bell

“The Other Trail of Tears,” by Mary Stockwell

The Patriot Files: The Patriot Files is a Library of Congress Veterans ‘History Project Founding partner web site comprised of first-hand accounts of military life and combat, primary source material, as well as image, video and audio resources. The Patriot Files also supports the largest military usernet archive, military memorial, military website archive and military news archive online

“The Powhatan Indians of Virginia, Their Traditional Culture,” by Helen C. Roundtree

“The Preston and Virginia Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts (1915),” Published by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin

“The Shawnees and the War for America,” by Colin O. Calloway

“The Tears of the Indians, Being an Historical and True Account of the Cruel Massacres and Slaughters of Above 20 Millions of Innocent People; Committed by the Spaniards in the Islands of Hispaniola, Cuba, Jamaica, &c. as also in the Continent of Mexico, Peru  & Other Places of the West Indies, to the Total Destruction of Those Countries, Written in Spanish by Casaus, an Eye-Witness of Those Things and Made English by F.P.,” (by Bartolome de las Casas), printed in London 1656

“The Texas Cherokees, a People Between Two Fires, 1819-1840,” by Dianna Everett, 1990

“The Watercraft of Isla Cedros, Baja California: Variability and Capabilities of Indigenous Seafaring Technology Along the Pacific Coast of North America,” by Matthew R. Des Lauriers, Society for American Archaeology, source American Antiquity, Vol. 70, No. 2, Apr. 2005, pp. 342-360

“The Wilderness Trail, The Ventures and Adventures of the Pennsylvania Traders on the Allegheny Path,” Volumes I and II, by Charles A. Hanna, 1911

“To Extirpate the Indians: An Indigenous Consciousness of Genocide in the Ohio Valley and Lower Great Lakes, 1750s to 1810,” by Jeffrey Ostler, The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 4; published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture.

“Trans-Allegheny Pioneers, Historical Sketches of the First White Settlers West of the Alleghenies, 1748 and After; Wonderful Experiences of Hardships and Heroism of Those Who First Braved the Dangers of the In-Hospitable Wilderness, and the Savage Tribes that Inhabited Them,” by John P. Hale, 1931

“Underwater Archaeology and Prehistory: The Case of the Cenotes in Mexico,” by Dominique Rissolo and Helena Barba-Meinecke, Human Origin Sites and the World Heritage Convention in the Americas, Volume 1, World Heritage Papers 42, HEADS 5

“Virginia Colonial Abstracts,” by Beverly Fleet (Original 34 Volumes Reprinted in 3, Volume I, 828 pages

“Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers 1607-1635, a Biographical Dictionary,” by Martha W. McCartney

“Vital Records of Three Burned Counties, Births, Marriages and Deaths of King and Queen, King William and New Kent Counties Virginia 1680-1860,” by Therese A. Fisher

“Voyages of the Pyramid Builders, the Origins of the Pyramids from Lost Egypt to Ancient America,” by Robert M. Schloch, Ph.D. with Robert Aquinas McNally

“Walam Olum or Red Score, the Migration Legend of the Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians,” a New Translation Interpreted by Linguistic, Historical, Archaeological, Ethnological, and Physical Anthropological Studies, Indianapolis Indiana Historical Society, 1954

“Western Eurasian ancestry in modern Siberians based on mitogenomic data,” by Miroslava Derenko, Boris Malyarchuk, Galina Denisova, Maria Perkova, Andrey Litvinov, Tomasz Grzybowski, Irina Dambueva, Katarzyna Skonieczna, Urszula Rogalla, Iosif Tsybovsky and Ilya Zakharov

“Women in American Indian Society,” by Rayna Green of the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution; Frank W. Porter II, General Editor

Maps that I own that I used in preparing this paper:

1670 (Approximately) Map of the Whole Territory Traversed by John Lederer in His Three Marches.

1744 Ralph De Thoyers’ Map from “Trans-Allegheny Pioneers”

1751 Fry/Jefferson Map of Virginia and Maryland

1754 Fry/Jefferson Map of Virginia and Maryland

1775 Fry/Jefferson Map of Virginia and Maryland

1792/1/25, Map of the States of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina

1794 Fry/Jefferson Map of Virginia and Maryland

1794 Samuel Lewis Map of Virginia

1827 Map of Virginia and Maryland, Constructed from the Latest Authorities

1844 A Map of North America Denoting the Boundaries of the Yearly Meeting of Friends and the Location of the Various Indian Tribes

1861 Lloyd’s Official Map of the State of Virginia: from Actual Surveys by the Order of the Executive, 1828 & 1859.

1863 Virginia and West Virginia County Map

Other Maps that I used in preparing this paper:

1762 Henry Timberlake Map of the Cherokee Country

1774 Map of Dunmore’s War

A Map of the Ancient Indian Towns on the Pickaway Plain Illustrating a Sketch of the Country by Felix Renick (1770/71-1848), created prior to 1840.

Lord Dunmores War broadside, with one settler’s sympathetic view of the Shawnee

Early Moravian Missions in Eastern Pennsylvania & Surrounding Areas 1740-1773

Map of the Watauga Settlements, “Showing the Supposed Virginia Line”

Walker’s 1750 Exploration:

On my reading list:

“A Lenape Among the Quakers,” by Dawn G. Marsh

“Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America, First Lieutenant in the Narvaez Expedition, 1527-36,” by Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

“American Indianolog 101, a Profile of Today’s American Indian Population, Tribes and Reservations,” by George Russell and Saginaw Chippewa

“American Indian Treaties, the History of Political Anomaly,” by Francis Paul Prucha

“An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States,” by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz

“Carolina in Crisis, Cherokees, Colonists and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763,” by Daniel J. Tortora

“Great Crossings, Indians, Settlers and Slaves in the Age of Jackson,” by Christina Snyder

“The De Soto Chronicles, the Expedition of Hernando de Soto to North America in 1539-1543,” Volumes 1 and 2, Edited by Lawrence A. Clapton, Vernon James Knight, Jr. and Edward C. Moore

“The Great Father, the United States Government and the American Indian, by Francis Prucha

“The Other Slavery, the Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America,” by Andre Resendez